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"Neurodiversities" is an American term to convey that people are not disabled but that their brains are ‘wired differently'. (Pollack 2009, Hendricks 2010).
Specific Learning Differences (SpLD) is an umbrella term used to describe a range of conditions including dyslexia, dyscalculia, dyspraxia, ADD, Tourette Syndrome and Asperger Syndrome.
These conditions all have distinct areas of difficulty associated with their neurocognitive profiles that often overlap. Sometimes Educational Psychologists diagnose SpLD rather than attach a specific label of dyslexia etc. to a student’s diagnosis.